To help the immune system distinguish the drug, Kosten attached inactivated cocaine to the exterior of inactivated cholera proteins. In response, the immune system not merely makes antibodies to the mixture, which is normally harmless, but also recognizes the potent naked drug if it is ingested. The antibodies bind to the cocaine and prevent it from achieving the brain, where it normally would generate the highs that are so addictive. ‘It’s a very clever idea,’ said David Eagleman, a Baylor neuroscientist. ‘Scientists have spent the previous few decades figuring out prize pathways in the brain and how medications like cocaine hijack the system. It turns out those pathways are tough to rewire once they’ve seen the medication. But the vaccine just circumvents all that.’ Kosten asked the meals and Drug Administration in December to green-light a multi-institutional trial to begin in the springtime and is certainly awaiting a response.The analysis noted that pharmaceutical companies had reported an increased number of prescriptions filled for sleep medication within the last 2 decades, and it cited a youthful Thomson Reuters Research Short that found a tripling in sleep aid prescriptions from 1998 to 2006 for young adults aged 18 to 24. CBS This Morning Healthwatch New drug can help insomniacs An experimental drug is going for a new approach to insomnia treatment. Psychologist and sleep professional Dr. Michael Breus speaks to the ‘CBS This Morn. Around 50 to 70 million Americans have problems with sleep sleep or disorders deprivation, the report said.